Deendayal Antyodaya Yojana – (DAY) National Urban Livelihood Mission (NULM)
Pune Municipal Corporation Urban Development Department is implementing central & State government-sponsored Deendayal Antyodaya Yojana – National Urban Livelihoods Mission (NULM). The NULM focuses on organizing urban poor (BPL) in their strong grassroots level institutions, creating opportunities for skill development leading to market-based employment and helping them to set up self-employment venture by ensuring easy access to credit. The Mission is aimed at providing shelter equipped with essential services to the urban homeless in a phased manner. In addition, the Mission would also address livelihood concerns of the urban street vendors.
1) Social Mobilization and Institution Development (SMID) -
NULM envisages universal social mobilization of urban poor into Self-Help Groups (SHGs) and organizing them into federations. At least one member from each urban poor household, preferably a woman, should be brought under the Self-Help Group network in a time-bound manner. These groups will serve as a support system for the poor, to meet their financial and social needs. City Livelihood Centres (CLCs) will be established in Mission cities to provide a platform whereby the urban poor can market their services and access information on self-employment, skill training and other benefits.
2) Employment through Skills Training and Placement (EST & P) -
EST&P component under NULM is designed to provide skills to the unskilled urban poor as well as to upgrade their existing skills. The program will provide skill training to the urban poor so that they can set up self-employment ventures or secure salaried employment. The program intends to fill the gap between the demand and availability of local skills by providing skill training programs as required by the market.
3) Self Employment Programme (SEP) -
SEP component will focus on financial assistance to individuals/groups of urban poor for setting up gainful self-employment ventures/ micro-enterprises suited to their skills, training, aptitude and local conditions. This assistance will be in the form of interest subsidy on bank loans for setting up of projects by individual micro enterprises and for group enterprises.
4) Support to Urban Street Vendors -
This component aims at skill development among street vendors, support micro-enterprise development, credit enablement and pro-vending urban planning along with supporting social security options for vulnerable groups such as women, SCs/STs and minorities. Up to 5% of the total NULM budget will be spent on this component which will cover pro-vending urban planning, development of vendors market, credit enablement of vendors, a socio-economic survey of street vendors, skill development and micro enterprises development, and convergence with social assistance under various schemes of the Government.
5) Scheme of Shelter for Urban Homeless (SUH) -
SUH aims to provide permanent shelter with all other essential services to the urban homeless mainly children, women, senior citizens, handicapped & ill person. For every one lakh urban population, provisions should be made for permanent community shelters for a minimum of one hundred persons. Depending upon local conditions each shelter could cater to between 50 or more persons.