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Heatstroke: Causes, Precautions and Guidelines

Heatstroke: Causes, Precautions and Guidelines

The heatwave has been affecting the whole city since last few days. Every citizen is advised to protect themselves in the blazing summer as prolonged exposure to higher temperatures cause heatstroke.  The health department of Pune Municipal Corporation has issued the advisory to all the citizens

Causes of heat stroke

  • Working outdoors such as farm or on-site during summer
  • Working in factory boiler room, glass factory
  • Working in a high-temperature room
  • Wearing tight clothes
  • Direct or indirect contact such heatwave conditions or continuous rise in the temperature causes heatstroke

Symptoms

  • Tiredness, fever, dry skin
  • Lack of appetite, dizziness, Nausea, headache
  • Hypertension, anxiety, unconsciousness etc.

Treatment

  • Place the affected person in ventilated or an air-conditioned room. If  AC is not available, put on air cooler or Fan around the patient
  • Try to reduce the temperature of patient's body
  • Apply ice packs or put cool wet sheets on the patient's forehead
  • Give a bath to the person with cool water
  • Give a saline if required.

Dos

  • Keep yourself hydrated. Drink water even if you are not thirsty
  • Wear Lightweight cotton clothes
  • Use Sunglasses, umbrellas, hats, shoes and slippers while going outside a home in the afternoon
  • Keep a water bottle while travelling
  • People who work under the sun should use sunglasses or umbrellas and cover their head, neck, and face with wet clothes
  • Regularly drink ORS, homemade lassi, lemon-water, buttermilk etc to maintain the water level in the body
  • Anaemia, obesity, headache, continuous sweating are the symptoms of heatstroke. Consult your doctor immediately if you feel dizziness.
  • Keep the cattle in camps and give them enough water to drink
  • Keep the house cool. For this, use the curtains, shutters and sunshades, as well as take bath with cold water regularly.  
  • Arrange drinking water beside your desk at your workplace
  • Suggest field workers to avoid contact with Sunlight directly
  • Complete your maximum work in the early morning time
  • Take a break for rest in regular intervals while working outdoor
  • Pregnant women workers and sick workers should take more care of themselves
  • Build sheds for protection from the sun on the roadside
  • Create public facilities of drinking water

Dont's

  • Do not keep Children or pets in closed or parked vehicles
  • Avoid going out in the sun during the afternoon from 12.00 to 3.30
  • Avoid wearing dark, thick and tight clothes
  • If the temperature outside is higher, then avoid any physical work
  • Avoid cooking in the afternoon, keep doors and windows of the kitchen open for ventilation while cooking