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Public Parking Policy 2016

Parking is an essential component of the transportation system. A typical vehicle runs for one hour on an average and is parked for 23 hours in a day. It is also important to consider that a typical vehicle usually needs three different parking spaces-one at the owner’s residence, second at owner’s office/business place and third at recreational/entertainment facilities. The rising numbers of vehicles in Pune city are likely to lead to 4.5 lakhs parking spaces every year, and that is simply preposterous to supply. Parking facilities are a major cost to society. As the numbers of vehicles in the city explode, parking becomes a public nuisance, swallowing all available spaces meant for other road users as well as creating a demand for all available open spaces to be turned into parking lots. The mindset that ‘provision of parking is a right’ must be changed. Creation of parking space and land required for that is extremely valuable and no resident has the right to its free use.

Parking Policy Image

Traffic management and parking policy are closely interlinked and should serve a wider set of environmental, social and economic objectives. The city needs to give high priority to parking control initiatives, which encourage a shift from the use of personal modes of travel, especially the 2-wheeler and cars, to public transport, walking or cycling; and to traffic management programmes, which reduce accidents, congestion, pollution and dependency on personal modes of transportation.

Rather than having a reactive parking policy, one that constantly changes with the ever-increasing numbers of vehicles, the policy itself needs to ensure a reduction in the need for parking and support more strategic planning objectives.

In providing parking spaces, it is important to recognize that the location of such spaces, the car holding capacity and the price at which it is available can contribute in a significant manner in reducing the use of personal vehicles as well as in channelizing the demand for travel towards greater use of public transport. It is therefore necessary to strike a balance between the need to provide parking space and the need to locate it in such a manner as to encourage the use of sustainable modes of transport.

Parking spaces (on-street and off-street) have to be selected so as to have least impact on the flow of traffic. In such cases, parking shall not be available at all locations and people may have to finish their journey on foot or by other modes of transport.

In a city where a large share of trips are to be handled ideally by the public transport system, the intermediate modes of transport (auto rickshaws, taxis etc) become important to fill gaps left by the public transport grid. Currently no space has been allocated to these vehicles and they park or wait for rides on the roads and create major obstruction to traffic. In such cases, valuable parking spaces should be set aside for their use, especially at interchange locations between modes, like at bus terminals (both private and public) and railway stations and a separate study for demand management needs to be done.

The policy thus aims at achieving following-

  • Encouraging use of alternative modes of transport and reduce motor vehicle use (thereby reducing traffic congestion, accidents and pollution).
  • Ability to accommodate new traffic management concepts and respond to traffic problems.
  • Appropriate use of land with promotion of environment friendly measures

Thus, this parking policy is expected to be such that it discourages usage of private modes, encourages efficient use of available parking spaces, aids in evolving a better transportation system, builds a strategy to reduce congestion, pollution, and also helps the public transport system to grow. The policy is expected to help the city in becoming more ‘people friendly’ than ‘vehicle friendly’.

Click Here to View PDF - PMC Public Parking Policy